The Black Album is Prince's 16th studio album that was released on November 22, 1994 by Warner Bros. Records.
The album was also supposed to appear in an entirely black sleeve with no title or even a credit to Prince; hence it was referred to as "The Black Album."
Originally called "The Funk Bible," the work seemed to be a reaction to criticism that Prince had become too pop-oriented.
It was Prince's attempt to regain his African-American audience.
The opening track also mentioned the title of the album as being "The Funk Bible" (which was a consideration during work on this project). The title refers both to the album's all-black cover design and to Prince's attempt to earn back his credibility among the black pop audience.
The album features one of the most shockingly unusual Prince songs: "Bob George" in which he assumes the identity of a profane man who suspects his girlfriend to have had an affair with a man named Bob.
He asks her what the man does for a living and learns that Bob manages Prince, who he dismisses as "that skinny motherfucker with the high voice". The gun-wielding alter ego then kills the woman, and ends up being raided by the police. During live performances of the song during the Lovesexy Tour, he ends up being shot.
The name for the track was a combination of Bob Cavallo (former manager) and Nelson George who was felt to have become very critical of Prince.
"Bob George" features a growling monologue that is slowed down to the point of being almost unrecognizable as Prince. The voice at the end of the song that says "bizarre" is actually a stock sound from the Fairlight CMI IIx library, with its pitch raised.
The album features songs such as the hip-hop parody "Dead on It" (which directly makes the accusation that all MCs are tone-deaf and unable to sing) and the playful "Cindy C." (which refers to supermodel Cindy Crawford).
The rhyme at the end of the song was originally written by Steve "Silk" Hurley and was included on a song titled "Music is the Key (which was previously released by Chicago house-music group JM Silk of which Hurley was the founder). Hurley would later go on to remix two of the songs from the "Gett Off" maxi-single, the Housestyle and Flutestramental versions.
The album contains several instances of the portrayal of characters, using either a speeded-up or slowed-down vocal track by Prince (as on "If I Was Your Girlfriend", "U Got the Look", "Strange Relationship" and "Housequake" (which were all from the Sign o' the Times album).
The instrumental jazz-funk jam "2 Nigs United 4 West Compton" was revisited as a live song on the One Nite Alone... Live! album, but it was hardly the same track.
The track "Rockhard in a Funky Place" was originally considered for inclusion on the planned Crystal Ball album and then the Camille project. After the album's fade out, dissonant feedback fades in, followed by Prince saying, "What kind of fuck ending was that?" before fading out again.
The track "When 2 R in Love" is the only ballad on the album and reappeared on "Lovesexy" (which was released the same year).
Prince performed "Bob George", parts of "When 2 R in Love", and "Superfunkycalifragisexy" on his Lovesexy Tour.
"When 2 R in Love" was usually part of the piano medley in "Act II" whereas the other two songs were part of the "Act I" segment where Prince's evil side showed through (coinciding with the idea that "The Black Album" was evil, hence its being pulled from release by Prince).
"Act II" was his born-again segment, with more upbeat spiritual songs, highlighting most of the "Lovesexy" songs and top 40 hits.
Samples of "Bob George" would later show up on the "Dub Beats" official promo mix of Madonna's 1989 song "Like a Prayer".
- "Le Grind" – 6:44
- "Cindy C." – 6:15
- "Dead on It" – 4:37
- "When 2 R in Love" – 3:59 †
- "Bob George" – 5:36
- "Superfunkycalifragisexy" – 5:55
- "2 Nigs United 4 West Compton" – 7:01
- "Rockhard in a Funky Place" – 4:31
Album Withdrawal and Subsequent sSelvingEdit
Just before "The Black Album" was released to the market, Prince recalled all copies and abandoned the entire project, leaving roughly 100 European promotional copies in circulation & several American copies that would be widely bootlegged in the coming years.
Immediately after the decision to pull "The Black Album" from stores, the album emerged on the streets in bootleg form which arguably becoming popular music's most legendary bootleg since The Beach Boys aborted 1967 album "Smile".
Several celebrities (including U2's frontmen The Edge and Bono, cited it as one of their favorite albums of 1988 according to a Rolling Stone magazine celebrity poll).
In April of 2016, an original promo copy of "The Black Album" from 1987 was sold on Discogs' marketplace for a record $15,000.00 US.
Legal Album ReleaseEdit
On November 22, 1994, "The Black Album" was finally released by Warner Bros. Records, again, containing only a track listing and the new catalog #45793 printed onto the disc itself & the copyright date of 1994 (with the exception of "When 2 R in Love" which was released in 1988 on "Lovesexy") and the only legal copy appearing on the spine.
Although it was released in a strictly limited edition and was removed on January 27, 1995, the album was released exclusively to Tidal in 2016.
On the week of the album's official release, Warner ran an ad at the back of the November 26, 1994, issue of Billboard offering owners of counterfeit copies a free copy of the legal release provided they mail their illegal copy to the label in exchange. This offer was given only to the first 1,000 who sent in their copies.
- Prince – lead vocals and various instruments
- Sheila E. – backing vocals (on track 1), drums (on track 7)
- Eric Leeds – saxophone (on tracks 1, 2 and 8)
- Atlanta Bliss – trumpet (on tracks 1, 2 and 8)
- Cat Glover – backing vocals (on track 1), backing vocals and rap (on track 2) & spoken vocals (on track 7)
- Boni Boyer – backing vocals (on track 1)
- Susannah Melvoin – backing vocals (on track 8)